Primary Health Care in Nigeria: The Role of Nurses and Midwives by Mustapha Jumare

On 15/May/2019 / In Articles

OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION

  • CONCEPT OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
  • WHY IS PRIMARY HEALTH CARE IMPORTANT
  • CONCEPT OF NURSING
  • ROLE OF NURSES
  • CONCEPT MIDWIFE
  • ROLES MIDWIVES
  • CONCLUSION

CONCEPT OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE

  • The concept of primary health care has been repeatedly reinterpreted and redefined.  In some contexts, it has referred to the provision of ambulatory or first-level of personal health care services.
  • In other contexts, primary health care has been understood as a set of priority health interventions for low-income populations (also called selective primary health care).
  • Others have understood primary health care as an essential component of human development, focusing on the economic, social and political aspects. 

WHY IS PRIMARY HEALTH CARE IMPORTANT

  • Is well-positioned to respond to rapid economic, technological, and demographic changes, all of which impact health and well-being.
  • Effective and efficient way to address the main causes and risks of poor health and well-being today, as well as handling the emerging challenges that threaten health and well-being tomorrow
  • Is essential to achieving the health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and universal health coverage.

CONCEPT OF NURSING

  • Nursing is defined by wiedenbach as “facilitating the efforts of the individual to overcome the obstacles, which interfere with his ability to respond capably to demands, made for him by his condition, environment, situation and time”.

ROLE OF NURSES

  • Patient Care
  • Patient Advocacy
  • Planning of Care
  • Caregiver
  • Decision Maker
  • Communicator
  • Manager of Care

CONCEPT OF MIDWIFE

  • A midwife is a health care professional who provide health care services for women including gynecological examinations, contraceptive counselling, prescriptions, and labor and delivery care.
  • Midwife provides expert special care during labor, delivery and after birth so that midwife unique.

ROLES MIDWIVES

  • Care giver
  • Coordinator
  • Leader
  • Communicator
  • Manager
  • Educator
  • Counselor
  • Family planner
  • Adviser
  • Record keeper

CONCLUSION

The concept of primary health care is still relevant to achieving equitable and quality health care for all Nigerians. However, the role of nurses and midwifes are the backbone of achieving the equitable and quality health from the grassroots because they treat minor diseases, provide appropriate referral services and also promote community participation in health education

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